Hackers Exploited 0-Day Vulnerability in Zimbra Email Platform to Spy on Users.

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A threat actor, likely Chinese in origin, is actively attempting to exploit a zero-day vulnerability in the Zimbra open-source email platform as part of spear-phishing campaigns that commenced in December 2021.

The espionage operation — codenamed "EmailThief" —  detailed noting that successful exploitation of the cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability could result in the execution of arbitrary JavaScript code in the context of the user's Zimbra session.

Volexity attributed the intrusions, which started on December 14, 2021, to a previously undocumented hacking group it's tracking under the moniker TEMP_HERETIC, with the assaults aimed at European government and media entities. The zero-day bug impacts the most recent open-source edition of Zimbra running version 8.8.15.
The attacks are believed to have occurred in two phases; the first stage aimed at reconnaissance and distributing emails designed to keep tabs if a target received and opened the messages. In the subsequent stage, multiple waves of email messages were broadcasted to trick the recipients into clicking a malicious link.

For the attack to be successful, the target would have to visit the attacker's link while logged into the Zimbra webmail client from a web browser. The link itself, however, could be launched from an application to include a thick client, such as Thunderbird or Outlook.
The unpatched flaw, should it be weaponized, could be abused to exfiltrate cookies to allow persistent access to a mailbox, send phishing messages from the compromised email account to widen the infection, and even facilitate the download of additional malware.

None of the infrastructure identified  exactly matches infrastructure used by previously classified threat groups. "However, based on the targeted organization and specific individuals of the targeted organization, and given the stolen data would have no financial value, it is likely the attacks were undertaken by a Chinese APT actor."

Users of Zimbra should consider upgrading to version 9.0.0, as there is currently no secure version of 8.8.15.